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TreeView

visualobjectstaterecursionadvanced

Renders a tree view of a JSON object or array with collapsible content.

  • Use object destructuring to set defaults for certain props.
  • Use the value of the toggled prop to determine the initial state of the content (collapsed/expanded).
  • Use the React.setState() hook to create the isToggled state variable and give it the value of the toggled prop initially.
  • Return a <div> to wrap the contents of the component and the <span> element, used to alter the component's isToggled state.
  • Determine the appearance of the component, based on isParentToggled, isToggled, name and Array.isArray() on data.
  • For each child in data, determine if it is an object or array and recursively render a sub-tree.
  • Otherwise, render a <p> element with the appropriate style.
.tree-element {
  margin: 0;
  position: relative;
}

div.tree-element:before {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  top: 24px;
  left: 1px;
  height: calc(100% - 48px);
  border-left: 1px solid gray;
}

.toggler {
  position: absolute;
  top: 10px;
  left: 0px;
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  border-top: 4px solid transparent;
  border-bottom: 4px solid transparent;
  border-left: 5px solid gray;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.toggler.closed {
  transform: rotate(90deg);
}

.collapsed {
  display: none;
}
function TreeView({
  data,
  toggled = true,
  name = null,
  isLast = true,
  isChildElement = false,
  isParentToggled = true
}) {
  const [isToggled, setIsToggled] = React.useState(toggled);

  return (
    <div
      style={{ marginLeft: isChildElement ? 16 : 4 + 'px' }}
      className={isParentToggled ? 'tree-element' : 'tree-element collapsed'}
    >
      <span
        className={isToggled ? 'toggler' : 'toggler closed'}
        onClick={() => setIsToggled(!isToggled)}
      />
      {name ? <strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;{name}: </strong> : <span>&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>}
      {Array.isArray(data) ? '[' : '{'}
      {!isToggled && '...'}
      {Object.keys(data).map((v, i, a) =>
        typeof data[v] == 'object' ? (
          <TreeView
            data={data[v]}
            isLast={i === a.length - 1}
            name={Array.isArray(data) ? null : v}
            isChildElement
            isParentToggled={isParentToggled && isToggled}
          />
        ) : (
          <p
            style={{ marginLeft: 16 + 'px' }}
            className={isToggled ? 'tree-element' : 'tree-element collapsed'}
          >
            {Array.isArray(data) ? '' : <strong>{v}: </strong>}
            {data[v]}
            {i === a.length - 1 ? '' : ','}
          </p>
        )
      )}
      {Array.isArray(data) ? ']' : '}'}
      {!isLast ? ',' : ''}
    </div>
  );
}