30 seconds of React

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FileDrop

visualinputstateeffecteventintermediate

Renders a file drag and drop component for a single file.

  • Create a ref called dropRef for this component.
  • Use the React.useState() hook to create the drag and filename variables, initialized to false and '' respectively. The variables dragCounter and drag are used to determine if a file is being dragged, while filename is used to store the dropped file's name.
  • Create the handleDrag, handleDragIn, handleDragOut and handleDrop methods to handle drag and drop functionality, bind them to the component's context.
  • Each of the methods will handle a specific event, the listeners for which are created and removed in the React.useEffect() hook and its attached cleanup() method.
  • handleDrag prevents the browser from opening the dragged file, handleDragIn and handleDragOut handle the dragged file entering and exiting the component, while handleDrop handles the file being dropped and passes it to props.handleDrop.
  • Return an appropriately styled <div> and use drag and filename to determine its contents and style.
  • Finally, bind the ref of the created <div> to dropRef.
.filedrop {
  min-height: 120px;
  border: 3px solid #d3d3d3;
  text-align: center;
  font-size: 24px;
  padding: 32px;
  border-radius: 4px;
}

.filedrop.drag {
  border: 3px dashed #1e90ff;
}

.filedrop.ready {
  border: 3px solid #32cd32;
}
function FileDrop(props) {
  const [drag, setDrag] = React.useState(false);
  const [filename, setFilename] = React.useState('');
  let dropRef = React.createRef();
  let dragCounter = 0;

  const handleDrag = e => {
    e.preventDefault();
    e.stopPropagation();
  };

  const handleDragIn = e => {
    e.preventDefault();
    e.stopPropagation();
    dragCounter++;
    if (e.dataTransfer.items && e.dataTransfer.items.length > 0) setDrag(true);
  };

  const handleDragOut = e => {
    e.preventDefault();
    e.stopPropagation();
    dragCounter--;
    if (dragCounter === 0) setDrag(false);
  };

  const handleDrop = e => {
    e.preventDefault();
    e.stopPropagation();
    setDrag(false);
    if (e.dataTransfer.files && e.dataTransfer.files.length > 0) {
      props.handleDrop(e.dataTransfer.files[0]);
      setFilename(e.dataTransfer.files[0].name);
      e.dataTransfer.clearData();
      dragCounter = 0;
    }
  };

  React.useEffect(() => {
    let div = dropRef.current;
    div.addEventListener('dragenter', handleDragIn);
    div.addEventListener('dragleave', handleDragOut);
    div.addEventListener('dragover', handleDrag);
    div.addEventListener('drop', handleDrop);
    return function cleanup() {
      div.removeEventListener('dragenter', handleDragIn);
      div.removeEventListener('dragleave', handleDragOut);
      div.removeEventListener('dragover', handleDrag);
      div.removeEventListener('drop', handleDrop);
    };
  });

  return (
    <div
      ref={dropRef}
      className={drag ? 'filedrop drag' : filename ? 'filedrop ready' : 'filedrop'}
    >
      {filename && !drag ? <div>{filename}</div> : <div>Drop files here!</div>}
    </div>
  );
}