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Accordion

visualchildrenstateadvanced

Renders an accordion menu with multiple collapsible content components.

  • Define an AccordionItem component, pass it to the Accordion and remove unnecessary nodes expect for AccordionItem by identifying the function's name in props.children.
  • Each AccordionItem component renders a <button> that is used to update the Accordion via the props.handleClick callback and the content of the component, passed down via props.children, while its appearance is determined by props.isCollapsed and based on style.
  • In the Accordion component, use the React.useState() hook to initialize the value of the bindIndex state variable to props.defaultIndex.
  • Use Array.prototype.map on the collected nodes to render the individual collapsiple elements.
  • Define changeItem, which will be executed when clicking an AccordionItem's <button>. changeItem executes the passed callback, onItemClick and updates bindIndex based on the clicked element.
function AccordionItem(props) {
  const style = {
    collapsed: {
      display: 'none'
    },
    expanded: {
      display: 'block'
    },
    buttonStyle: {
      display: 'block',
      width: '100%'
    }
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <button style={style.buttonStyle} onClick={() => props.handleClick()}>
        {props.label}
      </button>
      <div
        className="collapse-content"
        style={props.isCollapsed ? style.collapsed : style.expanded}
        aria-expanded={props.isCollapsed}
      >
        {props.children}
      </div>
    </div>
  );
}

function Accordion(props) {
  const [bindIndex, setBindIndex] = React.useState(props.defaultIndex);

  const changeItem = itemIndex => {
    if (typeof props.onItemClick === 'function') props.onItemClick(itemIndex);
    if (itemIndex !== bindIndex) setBindIndex(itemIndex);
  };
  const items = props.children.filter(item => item.type.name === 'AccordionItem');

  return (
    <div className="wrapper">
      {items.map(({ props }) => (
        <AccordionItem
          isCollapsed={bindIndex !== props.index}
          label={props.label}
          handleClick={() => changeItem(props.index)}
          children={props.children}
        />
      ))}
    </div>
  );
}